Human Rights Issues/Freedoms

The following text is quoted and directly derived from:

Network, Jvillage. “Social Justice Definitions.” NCCJ, 9 Jan. 2019, nccj.org/resources/social-justice-definitions.

This provided information shall only be used for educational and non profiting purposes.

(DISCRIMINATION + SOCIAL POWER = OPPRESSION)

Privilege: Unearned access to resources (social power) that are only readily available to some people because of their social group membership; an advantage, or immunity granted to or enjoyed by one societal group above and beyond the common advantage of all other groups. Privilege is often invisible to those who have it.

Socialization: The process by which a human beginning at infancy acquires the habits, beliefs, and accumulated knowledge of society through education and training (by family, friends, culture and systems/institutions).  

Target or Oppressed Identities: Social groups that are negatively valued, considered to be inferior, abnormal, or dependent and given limited access to resources and social power. 

Agent or Privileged identities: Social groups that are positively valued considered superior, independent, or “normal” and have access to resources and power. 

Collusion: Ways that members of agent and target groups think and act, often unconsciously, that support oppressive systems and maintains the status quo. 

Ableism: The individual, cultural, and institutional beliefs and discrimination that systematically oppress people who have mental, emotional and physical disabilities.

Ageism:  The individual, cultural, and institutional beliefs and discrimination that systematically oppress young and elderly people. 

Religionism: The individual, cultural, and institutional beliefs and discrimination that systematically oppress non-Christians, which includes Anti-Semitism and Islamophobia.

Classism: The institutional, cultural, and individual set of beliefs and discrimination that assigns differential value to people according to their socio-economic class; and an economic system which creates excessive inequality and causes basic human needs to go unmet.

Heterosexism: The belief that heterosexuality is the only normal and acceptable sexual orientation. Now encompasses the individual, cultural, and institutional beliefs and discrimination that systematically oppress lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) people

Homophobia: An irrational fear of or aversion to homosexuality or lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ) people. This is how we use to refer to the oppression of LGBTQ people and now we consider it heterosexism. 

Racism – The individual, cultural, and institutional beliefs and discrimination that systematically oppress  people of color (Blacks, Latino/as, Native Americans, and Asians). 

Sexism – The individual, cultural, and institutional beliefs and discrimination that systematically oppress women. 

Resources from National Conference for Community & Justice

https://nccj.org/ableism

https://nccj.org/adultism

https://nccj.org/black-lives-matter

https://nccj.org/cissexism

https://nccj.org/classism-0

https://nccj.org/colorism-0

https://nccj.org/consent

https://nccj.org/Environmental-Justice

https://nccj.org/homelessness

https://nccj.org/internalization

https://nccj.org/intersectionality

https://nccj.org/neurodiversity

https://nccj.org/what-privilege

https://nccj.org/veterans-affairs

https://nccj.org/womens-rights